Due to its strategic location on a high bluff above the Mississippi River, Vicksburg saw an amazing amount of action during the Civil War. The city suffered greatly under the direction of Union General Grant. In fact, troops surrounded Vicksburg and infiltrated it with cannon and mortar fire for nearly 50 days- effectively destroying the city.
As a result of its importance during the Civil War, Vicksburg is somewhat of a mecca for history buffs. The Vicksburg campaign lasted from March to July 1863, and today, Vicksburg National Military Park nearly encloses the city. The well-preserved battlefield includes over 1,000 historic monuments, and a remarkable 20 miles of trenches.
From small, quaint stores located in the downtown area, to a large shopping mall and even an outlet center, Vicksburg offers a variety of shopping experiences. Those strolling downtown should make a stop at The Art Park at Catfish Row. Outdoor exhibits and art murals bring Vicksburg's exciting history to life. Gardens and fountains only add the park's appeal, making this a lovely stop.
Visitors are encouraged to cruise the mighty Mississippi and enjoy Vicksburg from the unique vantage point offered by riverboat. Carriage tours, walking tours, and spooky ghost tours make for an interesting way to learn about the fascinating history of this town.
Recognized as one of the south's premier garden and historic tour destinations, a visit to Linden Plantation is a must. Majestic old magnolias mark the entrance to the plantation, while a simple road lined by gorgeous azaleas carries guests to the grand plantation home. Linden Plantation has passed through four generations of the Vick family, the founders of Vicksburg. Both informal and formal gardens fill no less than eight acres of the estate. Tours are offered mid March through November.
Vicksburg's Spring Pilgrimage (late March to early April) offers visitors a remarkable and unique opportunity to become familiar with the city's past through tours of its distinctive homes. Many of the homes are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and proudly represent Vicksburg's status as Mississippi's largest and most vogue city at the start of the Civil War. Late April brings Vicksburg's annual Riverfest. Local art, live music, and tasty eats are just a sampling of what this popular festival offers.
Vicksburg is located in the western part of the state, along the Mississippi River, approximately 40 miles west of Jackson.